Itinerary of 2, 3 or 4 days to visit the main points and fall in love with the Italian capital once and for all.
First time in Italy? Pomegranate it is a starting point for those who want to explore Italian destinations. One of the most visited cities on the planet has numerous open-air attractions, with museums, monuments and thousands of years of history scattered around every corner.
What to visit in Rome
For starters, of course, the most traditional postcard of Pomegranate. The Colosseum, the largest and most famous symbol of the Roman Empire was built around 72 AD and is one of the greatest icons in the country. At the time of construction it was known as the “Flavian Amphitheater” in honor of the emperor who ordered its construction. The name “Colosseum” (“Colosseo” in Italian) came about as a reference to the Colossus of Nero, a 35-meter bronze statue of the former Emperor Nero, which stood in the square in front of the amphitheater.
The Colosseum was once used for the famous gladiatorial combats, simulations of naval battles (when its arena was flooded) and as a fortress. The monument was the scene of important milestones in history and is always portrayed in films that speak of this period. Today, in ruins, it still stands majestically in the center of the city, surrounded by avenues and receiving, daily, almost 3 million tourists to absorb a little of the immense history that its walls keep.
The simplest way to get to the Coliseum is by subway. Take line B, blue, and get off at “Colosseo” station. Next to the Coliseum we find another obligatory stop for fans of ancient history. The Roman Forum and the Palatine. Archaeological fields dating back to 850 BC
The Palatine is where the ruins of ancient Roman palaces are located and also where it is believed that Pomegranate has been founded. According to legend, Aeneas, son of the goddess Venus, abandoned Troy in flames and came to settle in the Italian peninsula, where he founded a kingdom. Years later, his descendants Romulus and Remus, twin brothers and sons of the god Mars, were abandoned, still babies, by their mother to save them from an uncle who wanted for himself the throne that was rightfully theirs. She put them in a basket and set them adrift in the River Tiber. The children were found by a she-wolf, near Palatine Hill, who took them in and nursed them as if they were her own. Growing up, the twins then decided to form a city there. Disagreeing over where the city should actually be founded, Romulus killed his brother Remus, thus making him the first and only king of Rome.
Next to the Palatine are the ruins of the Roman Forum. City center during the Empire, where major political, economic, religious and administrative decisions of the city of Pomegranate were taken and contains several points encompassed, such as the arch of titus or the temple of Venus, which enhance the Roman curves.
Another tourist spot that cannot be missed on your itinerary is the Vatican. The smallest independent country in the world, its borders are surrounded by a large wall and it is completely within Rome. It is home to Saint Peter's Basilica, whose dome is the highest place in Rome, Saint Peter's Square designed by Bernini and the Vatican Museums, where the famous and incomparable Sistine Chapel is located. It is possible to spend a morning or an entire afternoon to visit the headquarters of the Catholic Church, if you plan to include the visit in your itinerary, see what to do in Tourism in the Vatican: main places to visit.
For a more enjoyable visit to the monuments of Rome, some companies offer a guide service with a private driver, with skip-the-line ticket options to save time and visits to other places known only to the locals. THE Elmocar based in Rome, it is one of the few agencies specialized in serving Brazilians in Italy and we always recommend them here.
Tickets for the Forum and Palatine are sold together with those for the Coliseum, start at €12 and are valid for 48 hours. If you want to eat close to the tourist center, the tip is to walk 10 minutes to the restaurant La Taverna dei Fori Imperiali. Not as expensive as the restaurants closer to the center, with even better dishes. A charming place, perfect for discovering some of the city's authentic cuisine.
And how about then, go to one of the most famous fountains in the world? The Trevi Fountain depicts a shell-shaped chariot pulled by seahorses and guided by Tritons. It carries a legend that says that thirsty Roman soldiers were guided by a young virgin to the waters that were 13 km from the city. Augustus, the emperor at the time, decided to connect the water from the fountain to the city and in honor of the girl, he named it virgin waters.
The monumental fountain was built by Pope Clement XII in the same place as “Virgin Waters”, the name “Trevi” comes from “trivio” which means crossing of three streets, the place where the fountain is.
Stories and legends aside, what most attracts tourists to the Trevi Fountain, in addition to the obvious architectural beauty and its wealth of details, is the custom of throwing coins in the fountain hoping to one day return to Rome.
Another detail is the Fontana degli Innamorati (Fountain of the Lovers), a small fountain next to the Fontana di Trevi. Legend has it that if a couple in love drinks from this fountain, they will be together forever.
To get to the fontana, get off at Barberini station on line A, orange on the metro and walk 5 minutes. The station is also close to Piazza Navona, home to three beautiful fountains: The Fountain of the Four Rivers, the Fountain of the Moor and the Fountain of Neptune. It is also where the Brazilian Embassy in the city is located, in case you need any support.
Also close to Barberini station is one of the classics of Roman architecture. The Roman Pantheon was a temple dedicated to all the deities of the Roman pantheon, hence the name: Pantheon, a Latin word derived from two Greek words, pan and theon, meaning “of all the gods”.
The monument's dimensions are impressive, and the dome is enormous, the largest ever built in history. It has a diameter of 43.44 meters and equal height, and can contain a perfect sphere.
It is one of the best preserved ancient Roman structures and has remained in use throughout its history. Located in Piazza della Rotonda, the Pantheon has been used as a church, dedicated to “Saint Mary and the Martyrs”, officially called Santa Maria dei Martiri and informally Santa Maria Rotonda since the 7th century. It is a minor basilica of the Catholic Church and was a diakonia until 1929.
15 minutes from the Pantheon is one of the most famous images of Rome, located at the foot of the steps of the Santíssima Trindade dos Montes church, the beautiful Plaza de España and its monumental staircase that was once a movie set. In the center of Piazza Spagna, named after the Spanish Embassy whose building is located on the site, is the Barge Fountain, by Pietro and Gian Lorenzo Bernini, built in memory of the flooding of the Tiber River in 1598. It is famous for shopping at designer stores. Via Del Corso, close to the square, is where you can find brands such as Prada, Louis Vuitton, Bulgari or Armani. If you don't want to walk to the Spagna station on line A, the orange metro is right at the entrance to the square.
To end the day, following Via Del Corso you will arrive at Piazza del Popolo (Popular Square in Portuguese) which, in the days of the Empire, was one of the entrances to the city. In the center is another one of the many Egyptian obelisks that can be found in Rome. This one is dedicated to Ramses II, has 24 meters and since the year 10 BC it was in the Circus Maximus, being transported to the square in 1589. There it is interesting to visit the Church of Santa Maria del Popolo, in which you can see two magnificent works by Caravaggio, as well as interesting Renaissance works.
From Piazza del Popolo it is possible to climb one of the most incredible viewpoints in Rome, the Pincio Gardens. A delightful park where it is possible to rent bicycles in addition to contemplating one of the most beautiful views of the city. To get here, get off at Flamínio station on line A, orange on the subway.
The tourist structure of Rome is impressive, it is simple to follow the itinerary of your choice, as long as you pay attention to the opening hours of tourist attractions and public transport. And don't worry if you don't speak Italian or English, the city embraces all visitors and getting to the most famous tourist spots is nothing, if not easy. By the way, all roads lead to Rome right?
Guide in Portuguese in Italy
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