The city of Dubrovnik is in the Dalmatia region of Croatia, in the extreme south-east of the country. The city was founded in the first half of the 7th century, but according to theories that contradict this fact, it is possible that Dubrovnik already existed before Christ.
In 1667 Dubrovnik suffered an earthquake and was greatly affected. Much later in 1991 and 1992, the city was one of the areas of Croatia most affected by bombing by Yugoslav troops. More than half of the monuments and buildings were damaged and tourism took a huge hit. It was only in 1995 that the city began to be rebuilt due to an agreement between UNESCO and the European Union, which helped to repair all the damage left by the war that tourism returned.
The Old Town and its many attractions (including the well-preserved city wall, where you can walk around) is Dubrovnik's calling card. If you plan to visit the city during the summer, don't miss the famous Summer Festival, with diverse cultural presentations from music to theater, dance and the most varied performances.
What to do
Dubrovnik's Old Town is hidden between imposing medieval walls. Upon entering, prepare to be enchanted by the beauty of the place. The squares and streets are full of historic buildings and Baroque and Renaissance churches, as well as bars, restaurants and shops.
Ancient Walls of Dubrovnik
THE Dubrovnik Old Town it is completely surrounded by massive stone walls dating back to the 10th century. Up to 6m thick and 2.5m high in places, Dubrovnik's ancient walls were built to protect the city and deter would-be invaders. You can walk along the 2 kilometers long old wall, currently one of the best ways to appreciate the majesty of the Old Town.
The Pile Gate is a grand entrance to the historic center of Dubrovnik, on its western wall. Built in 1537 to protect the city from invaders and monitor trade, the Pile Gate was originally reached via a wooden drawbridge, which was raised nightly, with the gate being locked and the key given to the prince in a elaborate ceremony. The Portão de Pile has an exterior and interior gate with statues of São Brás, the patron saint of the city. The statue of São Brás, in the inner part of the arch, is the work of the Croatian sculptor Ivan Mestrovic, from the 20th century.
Atop a 37-meter cliff jutting into the Adriatic Sea, it's easy to see how the dramatic Lovrijenac Fort earned the nickname 'Gibraltar of Dubrovnik'. The mighty stone fortress is one of Dubrovnik's most recognizable landmarks, looming over the west entrance of the walled Old Town and providing a striking backdrop for the annual Dubrovnik Summer Festival.
port of Dubrovnik
The port is one of the most important places in Dubrovnik, as the entire wealth of the city was based (until tourism arrived) on navigation and maritime trade. For the inhabitants of Dubrovnik, sailing was so important that each man had to plant 100 cypress trees throughout his life in order to later build boats. Thanks to this technique, today we can enjoy hundreds of cypress trees on the outskirts of the city.
How to get
access to Dubrovnik can be done with various forms of transport, including car, plane, ferries and buses.
If you prefer to go by plane, Brazil has direct flights to Dubrovinik, in addition to several flights departing the main European capitals daily.
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