Marked by its beauty and spectacular waterfalls, the Iguaçu National Park was the second Brazilian National Park to be created, in 1939.

THE Iguacu National Park, at the Paraná shelters the largest remnant of Atlantic Forest in the southern region of Brazil. The area protects a very rich biodiversity, made up of representative species of Brazilian fauna and flora, some of which are threatened with extinction, such as the jaguar, the puma, the broad-snouted caiman, the purple-breasted parrot, the harpy eagle, in addition to many other species of relevant value and scientific interest.

This expressive biological variability, added to the scenic beauty of the Iguaçu Falls, made the National Park the first Conservation Unit in Brazil to be established as a Site of the Natural World Heritage by UNESCO, in the year 1986.

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At waterfalls of Iguaçu they extend along a semicircular strip of 2,700 meters in length, of which 800 meters are on the Brazilian side and 1,900 meters on the Argentine side. The falls are made up of a varied number of jumps and falls that range between 150 and 270, according to the volume of water in the river. The jumps have their own names such as Floriano, Deodoro, Benjamim Constant, but the most famous is the Devil's Throat.

Joined by the Iguaçu River to the Iguazú National Park, in Argentina, the Park is part of the most important biological continuum in the Center-South of South America, with more than 600,000 hectares of protected areas and another 400,000 in still primitive forests, a unique responsibility for joint actions between Brazilians and Argentines in efforts to preserve this such an important world heritage site. The Iguaçu National Park is an example of integration between conservation and sustainable use of natural resources.

The Iguaçu Falls are located on the border between Brazil and Argentina, allowing visitors to use two cities to start exploring the beauties of the region. The city of Puerto Iguazu, gives access to attractions on the Argentine side, and Foz do Iguaçu on the Brazilian side.

What to do in Iguaçu National Park

Photo: falco / Pixabay

waterfalls of Iguaçu

The Falls are formed by the falls of the Iguaçu River, which in Tupi-Guarani means big water. Eighteen kilometers before joining the Paraná River, the Iguaçu overcomes an unevenness in the terrain and plunges into falls of up to 80 meters in height, reaching a width of 2,780 meters. Its geological formation dates from approximately 150 million years ago, but the formation of the geographic accident of the cataracts began approximately 200 thousand years ago.

The Iguaçu River measures 1,200 meters wide above the falls. Below, it narrows into a channel of up to 65 m. The total width of the Falls in the Brazilian territory is approximately 800 m and on the Argentine side it is 1,900 m. The height of the falls varies from 40 to 80 meters.

There are 19 main jumps, five of them on the Brazilian side (Floriano, Deodoro and Benjamin Constant, Santa Maria and União) and the others on the Argentine side. The arrangement of the jumps, with most of them on the Argentine side and facing Brazil, provides the best view for those who observe the scenery from Brazil.

Poço Preto Trail

Remember the way that the Indians of the region used to go around the Iguaçu Falls. The tour of the Poço Preto Trail can be defined as an Ecological Safari. There are 9 kms that can be done by walking, cycling or electric car. The trail is carried out with bilingual guides who talk about the fauna and flora of the Iguaçu National Park.

It all starts on a 320-meter suspended walkway, in the heart of the National Park, followed by the one-way trail, where beautiful native species of the Park can be observed. The short trip through the interior of the Iguaçu forest involves a suspension bridge that leads to a rustic trail of 500 meters, passes through a bunker 10 meters high, and from up there a spectacular panoramic view of the forest. Then the attraction continues through the Taquaras Archipelago, with the option of taking a ride on ducks and snorkeling, to observe the aquatic vegetation.

rafting

In Rafting, the practitioner is not a spectator, but a protagonist. The emotion of facing the current of the Iguaçu River is unique. In this tour, the strength in the arms and feeling the company of the group make the difference to reach the final goal.

Rappel

To perform the Rappel, the adventurers will follow a 360-meter trail suspended through the forest to the main platform. The descent from the platform is 55 meters with a view of the Iguazu Falls.

The technique used is the Negative Rappelling, that is, the practitioner does not lean his legs against walls or rocks, which makes the descent a much more exciting adventure, with that butterflies in his stomach.

Panoramic Flights

Since 1972, HELISUL Taxi Aéreo Ltda. It performs panoramic helicopter flights over the Iguazu Falls. The company specializes in air charters with helicopters and panoramic flights over Foz do Iguaçu and other municipalities. Helicopter flights over the Falls are one of the most requested tours in Foz do Iguaçu. On board Helisul aircraft, you can enjoy a beautiful view of the Iguaçu waterfalls.

Iguazu Falls Rates and Hours

Photo: evastupica / Pixabay

Access to visit the Iguazu Falls is daily from 9 am to 5 pm on the Brazilian side and from 8 am to 4:30 pm on the Argentine side. You can buy tickets through the official websites of the companies that manage the park.

– Ticket prices on the Brazilian side
– Ticket prices on the Argentine side

It is worth remembering that the ticket prices do not include the additional tours offered within the park, such as the Macuco Safari, the Poço Preto Trail and some adventure sports options.

How to get to Iguaçu National Park

Photo: chulhwan / Pixabay

There are many people who pay a private van to get to the Iguaçu National Park, which is a little far from Foz do Iguaçu, but few people know that a bus leaves from the TTU (Terminal de Transporte Urbano) in the city center and goes straight to the park, so straight that it drops you off practically in line to buy the ticket.

The bus line is 120-Parque Nacional, it leaves from downtown Foz, goes to the Airport, Parque das Aves and then Parque Nacional, it costs less than R$3.00 and you can check the timetables clicking here.

When to go to Iguaçu National Park

Photo: yangqian88 / Pixabay

The Iguaçu Falls can be visited throughout the year, but you have to take into account the way you intend to see the waterfalls. During the summer the water level of the falls reaches its maximum potential, unifying all the falls into one. In winter, the waterfalls have a lower water level, making it possible to see the more defined falls.

Between the months of June and August, temperatures are always around 18ºC and the chance of getting rainy days is lower. During the holidays (July, December and January) the attraction receives even more tourists and prices tend to be a little higher.

Where to stay in Iguaçu National Park

Photo: Everson Mayer / Flickr

SulIf you are looking for a lodging option with all the infrastructure to spend extremely comfortable days in Foz do Iguaçu, the Tarobá Hotel it's a good request. With a privileged location right in the center of the city, it has one of the best value for money in the region, in addition to modern and equipped spaces.

Booking offers more than 400 options for accommodation in Foz do Iguaçu. See all available hotels on Booking.com here.

Foz do Iguaçu has great accommodation options on Airbnb. The platform that offers house, apartment and room rentals can be much cheaper than hotels. And if you haven't registered yet, you can use this discount code.

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