You've probably heard of the 7 Wonders of the World. However, did you know that there are more than seven monuments with the same title? Currently, only one building that represented the first seven wonders, or the 7 Wonders of the Ancient World, is still standing. The others unfortunately no longer exist and one of them no one knows for sure if it existed.

Over the centuries, man has built great architectural works that are also worth mentioning. Therefore, in 2005, the New Open World Corporation (NOWC) created a list of 200 monuments that could replace the 7 Wonders of the Ancient World. Among them, 77 were chosen by popular vote.

Then the list was narrowed down to 21 finalists, chosen by a group of architects led by former UNESCO director Federico Mayor. The following criteria were used: beauty, complexity, historical value, cultural relevance and architectural significance.

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THE Necropolis of Giza, Egypt, was dropped from that list and earned the title of “Honorary Wonder”. This is because it is the last remnant of the first monuments. In July 2007, in Portugal, the 7 Wonders of the Modern World were announced. Are they:

1 – The Great Wall of China – China

With 21,100 km long, 8 meters high and 4 meters wide, the wall starts in Gansu Province and ends in the Gulf of Bohai. The title of Wonder of the World attracts many tourists. It receives over 4 million visits a year.

Discover the 7 wonders of the modern world

Photo: Ana Paula Hirama/Pixabay

Built to consolidate Qin Shihuang's empire. The wall crosses valleys and mountains across 11 provinces of the country and the autonomous regions of Mongolia and the Hui Nationality. Despite being a very large monument. Contrary to what has already been reported, it cannot be seen from the Moon. However, it is so extensive that it can show up on radar images taken in low Earth orbit.

2 – Petra – Jordan

Nobody knows for sure when Petra emerged, scholars believe it was around the 3rd century BC The capital of the Nabethean Empire has always been surrounded by stories, faith, mystery and wealth. The legacy of these people is impressive and capable of surprising anyone who visits the city carved into the stones of southern Jordan. Therefore, Petra is not only considered one of the 7 Wonders of the Modern World, but is also a UNESCO Heritage Site.

Discover the 7 wonders of the modern world

Photo: Seetheholyland.net/Flickr

Also known as the pink city, Petra is located in one of the driest and most inhospitable spots in the world. Even so, being in a strategic location, where caravan routes that transported frankincense, spices and myrrh crossed between ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt, the city became very rich.

Anyone who thinks Petra is just a monument is wrong. It is a city with more than 5 km², with several temples, tombs, palaces, obelisks, columns, an amphitheater and a system of cisterns and irrigation. Despite this, early in the year 747, an earthquake caused trade routes to be diverted after causing destruction at the site. Gradually, Petra was being forgotten in the middle of the desert. The city was rediscovered by the Swiss explorer, Johannes Luewig Burckhardt, only in 1812.

3 – Colosseum – Italy

One of the most famous symbols of the Roman Empire. THE Coliseum it was an amphitheater in which gladiators and warriors fought each other or wild animals. It began to be built in 72 AD by order of Emperor Flavius Vespasian. He ordered that it be erected on the same site as a palace of Nero, his predecessor.

Discover the 7 wonders of the modern world

Photo: Pablo Cabezos/Flickr

After eight years of construction, in 80 AD, the Coliseum was ready. At that time, Rome was already ruled by Titus, son of Vespesian. In commemoration of the completion of the amphitheater, there were battles and disputed for 100 days. The stands, built more than three meters from the ground, accommodated about 50,000 people.

Until the year 404, the Coliseum was the main stage of fights in the city, until Emperor Flavius Honorius prohibited the fight between gladiators. After that, the Colosseum had several uses. It was the setting for simulations of naval battles, occasions when the area occupied by the arena was flooded. Over the years it was looted and was used as a fortress. Today, even in ruins, the Coliseum still commands respect from those who visit it. No wonder it was chosen to be one of the 7 Wonders of the Modern World.

4 – Chichen Itza – Mexico

Today, Chichén Itzá is a major archaeological site on Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula. It was once a cultural and religious center for the Mayan people. The city was founded around the 5th century AD, believed to be by the Mayan people from the lowlands of Yucatan. After being invaded around the year 1000, the city grew and evolved until sometime in the 13th century where it was abandoned.

Discover the 7 wonders of the modern world

Photo: Trans World Productions/Flickr

In the mid-19th century, European explorers found the site, and to this day, archaeologists have worked to uncover and study the many ruins at Chichén Itzá. The main buildings were built in the Puuc style – using limestone. The invaders who later arrived at the site took the Toltec style to the buildings. Characterized by carvings of snakes and skulls, gigantic statues and peculiar figures called Chac Mools.

The most famous building is certainly El Castillo, also known as Temple of Kukulkán or Pyramid of Kukulkán. A 24 meter high pyramid located in the main square. Each of the four sides has 91 steps and faces a cardinal point. On certain days of the year, the shadows cast by the sunset give the impression that there is a snake coming down the stairs. At the top of the pyramid, there is a temple dedicated to the god Quetzalcoatl. Now you can understand why the temple is one of the 7 Wonders of the Modern World.

5 – Machu Picchu – Peru

In addition to being one of the 7 Wonders of the World, in 2016 Machu Picchu took the award for “Best Tourist Attraction” in the world from the World Travel Awards (WTA), the “Oscar of Tourism”. It is a stone city, built by the Incas around the 15th century, located in the midst of the Machu Picchu and Huayna Picchu mountains.

Discover the 7 wonders of the modern world

Photo: KayVeePhotos/Flickr

The city has received many titles and recognitions since Hiram Bingham found the city and shared it with the world in 1911. In 1983, Machu Picchu was declared a Cultural and Natural Heritage Site by UNESCO; in 2007, it was announced as one of the 7 Wonders of the Modern World; and finally, in 2014, the city was considered one of the most photographed places in the world, by Sightsmap Panoramio and Google. All this popularity has made the city of Machu Picchu, which is 130 km from Cusco, one of the most sought after spots for travelers to Latin America.

6 – Taj Mahal – India

Located in Agra, India, this Wonder of the Modern World was built at the behest of Emperor Shah Jahan, between 1631 and 1653. About 20,000 men from various cities in the East were required to build this monument. The Taj Mahal was erected in memory of the Emperor's favorite wife, Arymand Banu Begam, known as Mumtaz Mahal, which means "the jewel of the palace". She died at age 39, after giving birth to her 14th child. 

Discover the 7 wonders of the modern world

Photo: **** Eve ****/Flickr

There, it is not allowed to enter with drinks or food and, to enter the place, there is a protection to put on the feet. As in most mosques in the country, there is a queue exclusively for men and another one exclusively for women.

A tip for visitors, the Taj Mahal opens at 6am, with sunrise, so to enjoy the view and the place before it gets crowded, it's best to arrive early. Around 9 am, excursions from different places begin to arrive. The ticket costs about 15 dollars for tourists and entitles you to a bottle of mineral water and a pair of socks.

7 – Christ the Redeemer – Brazil

Here we also have our representative among the 7 Wonders of the Modern World. At the top of Corcovado, in Rio de Janeiro, Christ the Redeemer keeps its arms open, blessing the city. The inauguration of the statue took place in 1931, today, it is the main postcard of Rio.

Discover the 7 wonders of the modern world

Photo: Pixabay

In 1859, the French Lazarist priest Pierre-Marie Boss, from the Igreja do Colégio Imaculada Conceição, had the dream of building a religious monument on top of Mount Corcovado and recorded this idea in the book “Imitation of Christ”, from 1903. In 1921, a dispute was opened between the projects for the monument. The creators of Christ the Redeemer are the designer Heitor da Silva Costa, the painter Carlos Oswald and the sculptor Maximiliam Paul Landowsky, who sculpted the head and hands of the monument.

Christ the Redeemer's arms are open forming a cross. In addition, it is 38 meters high, which is equivalent to a 13-story building. Recently modernized, it received new lighting, panoramic elevators, escalators and its interior was transformed into a chapel dedicated to Nossa Senhora Aparecida. It can be visited every day, from 8 am to 7 pm, to arrive, you can go by train or with accredited vans.

Now that you know the 7 Wonders of the Modern World, how about getting organized and taking a trip to what you found most interesting? And why not visit them all on the same trip?

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