One of 7 wonders of the world, the ancient city of Petra, at Jordan, is one of the most sought after destinations in the Middle East. Located south of Love, capital of the country, Petra is also known worldwide as "The Lost City". That's because the place is, surprisingly. hidden between the canyons and mountains of the region.
In addition, sculpted by desert tribes who lived in these territories thousands of years ago, the city prospered by being strategically positioned on the trade route that connected the entire Middle East, housing one of the most impressive buildings in the world.
For a long time, Petra was one of the most important cities in this region, thanks to the nabasteans, a nomadic Arab community well known for being masters of engineering.
This is because at a time when technologies and tools were completely scarce, these peoples built a network of cisterns and dams, as well as canals to supply the city. Extremely precise and modern constructions for the period, mixing Greek and Roman styles, along with the nabatean.
In the 19th century the city fell into oblivion, being “rediscovered” in 1812 by the Swiss explorer, Johan Ludwig Burckhardt, who had to disguise himself as an Arab for months to get to the place.
How to get to Petra
The easiest and fastest way to get to Petra it is via Amman airport. The route is made by car or bus that leaves from the capital's bus terminal and takes about 3h30 to reach the gorge known as Siq – a narrow path built between two giant gorges spaced at most 3 meters apart.
Furthermore, the shrine of Petra It's very big. Therefore, it is advisable to spend at least 2 days to see all the attractions.
The wonderful Treasury building, known for appearing in the movie “Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade”, is, as a result, the main visiting point. However, there are still other points that cannot be forgotten, such as the theater, the royal tombs and the altar of sacrifice.
When is the best time to visit the city of Petra?
For being in the desert, Petra It is a very hot destination, even more so in the summer. Therefore, for those who do not like the intense heat, it is best to visit the city in spring or autumn, when temperatures are more pleasant.
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