Cappadocia is one of Turkey's top tourist destinations. Situated on a plateau with an altitude of approximately 1,000m, it draws attention for its rich history of Byzantine and archaeological culture.

Photo: Pixabay

the region of cappadocia located in the Asian part of the country, the destination is much sought after for its picturesque geological formations, balloon, for the underground cities, for the wild horses and for being the birthplace of São Jorge.

Contrary to what many think, the cappadocian it is not a city, but a region full of small towns and villages with a tourist structure to receive travelers. The biggest city is Kayseri, as I said before, but the region still has Nevsehir, Aksaray, Nigde, Derinkuyu, Kaymakli, Ihlara, Goreme, Uçhisar, Urgup and Avanos.

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cappadocia means: “Land of the beautiful horses”, and is a region that has been inhabited for thousands of years by various civilizations, such as the Hittites and other peoples originating in Europe and Asia Minor, and includes the cities of Göreme, Ürgüp, Nevsehir and advances. It became known with Alexander the Great, although there was only interest in the region for its roads, through which commerce flowed. The foundation of Göreme (pronounced Goremê) dates from this time, ancient Korama, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and currently the most important city in the region.

Today the region receives thousands of tourists to get to know the exoticism and peculiarity of the destination, located in central Anatolia right in the middle of the country, approximately 700 km from Istanbul. The Göreme National Park is the most visited attraction as it is home to the most famous picturesque formations in the cappadocia, where there are dozens of churches, natural sculptures and rock sites.

The Cappadocia region has several underground cities, the largest of which is Kayamakli. These cities were built primarily to protect Christians from invading enemies. Residents would spend weeks locked inside them. In the city of Kaymakli it is estimated that 6,000 people lived together at the same time. There is a very clear division of the rooms, with bedrooms, kitchens, food storage, churches, secret doors, connecting tunnels and a complex ventilation system.

The abundance of rock formations in the region formed by erosion over the years produced several natural caves, grottos and depressions that were used over time as houses, churches and even underground cities.

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What to do in Cappadocia

Photo: Flickr Sillie_r

Balloon ride

Balloon trips are an original and stimulating way to get to know the region. The trips generally last around 1h30 and cost around EUR 220. Shorter tours, from 50-60 minutes, cost around EUR 150. Ensure the safety and experience conditions of the pilots and tour operators. Read more.

Goreme Open Air Museum

One of the main attractions in the region. The Göreme Open Air Museum, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, near the center of Göreme, (1.5 km) on a hill, there are dozens of monasteries, chapels and churches from the Byzantine period, most of century X, XI and XII, carved into the rocks, with well-designed vaults, altars and columns, unique examples of rock-cut architecture and fresco technique, with beautiful illustrations of the life of Christ on the ceilings and walls. Most of the frescoes have the figures' eyes shaved off, due to the Iconoclast period. There are 11 dining halls, with tables and benches carved into the rocks.

Visit the underground cities

Cappadocia has unique beauties, in addition to the beautiful landscapes, the city also carries an incredible surprise underground: the underground cities. There are more than 100 cities, of which only 37 have already been opened. These underground cities, declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985, were never used as permanent dwellings, they were inhabited for some time when Christians needed to hide from religious persecution. The best known are: Derinkuyu and Kaymakli.

Selime Cathedral

The Selime Cathedral dates from the 8th century, is divided into three sections and can be considered the largest religious building of its kind in Cappadocia and the largest carved cathedral on the planet.

Valley of the Monks

The Valley of the Monks is home to some of the most different fairy chimneys with different shapes, there you will have the opportunity to walk among the rocks and hills that surround the area. Stroll through the chimneys for a look at the caves, most of them carved by men and some for religious purposes.

Love Valley

The Love Valley is one of the valleys in the Cappadocia region. The place got its name because of its unmistakable geological formations that are the hallmark of the city, the Fairy Chimneys. Due to its phallic appearance, the valley was named Vale do Amor.

village of Cavusin

Çavusin is a small village very close to Goreme, where visitors can visit the only mosque in Turkey built in a cave. The building is one of the oldest in the region, dating back to the 5th century.

three beautiful

The three beautiful rock formations are chimney-shaped, there you can see the charming rocks and a huge inactive volcano in the background, in a viewpoint.

valley of the birds

The name comes from the various birdhouses that were carved into the caves. In the past, birds were a very important symbol for Christians, as birds provided the pigments that served as ink to paint ceramics and others, so with the aim of protecting animals, houses were built throughout the valley.

Other attractions to visit in the Cappadocia region:

  • fairy chimneys
  • Valley of the Monks (Pasabag)
  • Kaymakli Underground City
  • Derinkuyu Underground City
  • Ilhara Valley
  • Zelve

How to get to Cappadocia

Photo: Flikr – liseykinaFor Turkey, Brazil only has direct flights to Istanbul, operated by Turkish Arilines. From the largest Turkish city, you can travel by plane, car or bus to Cappadocia in one of the many companies that make the journey. The main airports in the region are in Nevşehir and Kayseri. From there you can take quick transfers to the most touristy cities

Göreme is the main base city and heart of Cappadocia. Built from excavations in the small hills within a sandstone valley that makes up the relief of the region. A dream of consumption, unfortunately cave hotels are not for all budgets, as they are usually luxurious.

Best time to visit Cappadocia?

Photo: flickr -marieannickvigne

The climate in Turkey has well-defined seasons. Summers are hot, reaching 30°C in the high season, from June to August, and very cold in winter, with an average of 5°C.

Who to go with?

For those who want to know Turkey, we recommend the staff guide in turkey, they are specialized in receiving Brazilians and Portuguese in the region and help with all the receptive support during the trip, in addition to being Portuguese speakers, which makes it much easier to explore Turkey's destinations better.

Dica extra para reservar hotéis

Para encontrar inúmeras opções de acomodação e reservar hotéis e pousadas com os melhores preços, utilizamos o - disponível em milhares de destinos.

Passagens aéreas mais baratas

Para economizar com voos, consultamos primeiro as passagens aéreas na MaxMilhas, - quase sempre encontramos os melhores preços tanto no Brasil quanto no exterior. As passagens podem ser emitidas mesmo para quem não tem milhas aéreas.

Outras dicas úteis

Encontre informações úteis sobre os best destinations do mundo, com guias de viagens especializados sobre diferentes places to visit in Brazil e no exterior. São milhares de travel tips com sugestões de onde ir na sua viagem, recomendação de hotels, notícias atualizadas e muito mais.

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