Cradle of great artists and philosophers of antiquity, Athens has more than 3000 years of history and a unique monumental wealth

Athens, now the capital of Greece, is one of the oldest cities in the world, since its trajectory began more than 30 centuries ago. The place was the birthplace of democracy with the creation of laws and the participation of the people in the dynamics of society, and many of the main attractions are preserved ruins from that period when public spaces for discussions and theaters were built.

Between the most popular tourist attractions are at Acropolis, built in 450 BC on one of the highest sites in Athens, the Temple of Olympian Zeus, which dates from the 2nd century and was once one of the largest constructions of its kind, the Panathenaic Stadium, from 566 BC and which once hosted the Olympics, and the Theater of Dionysus, built in the 6th century BC

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The highlight in the center of Athens is the Plaka district, the busiest and home to attractions such as the Ancient Agora of Athens, shops and restaurants, being one of the best options to look for accommodation. Another lively spot is the Monastiraki district, with the Roman Agora, the Flea Market, the Tzistarakis Mosque, Monastiraki Square and Hadrian's Library.

What to do in Athens

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One of the postcards of Greece as a whole! Built on one of the highest points of the city for strategic reasons in the year 450 BC, it is possible to see the ruins from almost every point of Athens and offers a privileged view of the entire region.

Temple of Olympian Zeus

This was once one of the largest temples in the world, but today only about 10 of its 104 columns are preserved. Construction was completed in 131 AD by the Roman Emperor Hadrian.

Panathenaic Stadium

Built in 566 BC, it is one of the oldest stadiums in the world. The structure has marble benches and can hold up to 50,000 people. The site was restored in the 19th century and was used in 1896 for the first edition of the Olympic Games as we know it today.

Now yes

In Athens there were two such spaces destined to political and social discussions. The Ancient Agora of Athens dates from the 6th century BC, it was the center of the city and is now better preserved, whereas the Roman Agora was built in the 1st century BC and currently has only a few columns.

New Acropolis Museum

Opened in 2009, this museum houses many finds from the region with pieces dating back to the 7th century BC Another interesting attraction is the glass entrance ramp, which allows visitors to see the excavation works carried out on the site.

Other places to visit in Athens:

  • Monastiraki Square
  • Orthodox Cathedral of Saint Irene
  • Mount Lykabettus
  • erection
  • Hadrian's Arch
  • Parthenon
  • Flea market
  • Tzistarakis Mosque
  • Hadrian's Library
  • Theater of Dionysus
  • Odeon of Herod

How to get to Athens

Photo: PavleMarjanovi / Shutterstoc

By airplane

There are no direct flights from Brazil, but the city has its own airport, Elefthérios Venizélos, from where it is possible to reach the center by bus and subway. Departing from Brazil, the company Alitalia offers flights connecting at Rome International Airport, in Italy; KLM has a connection at Schiphol airport, near Amsterdam.

 Those already on European soil can take advantage of promotional airline tickets low cost, such as Vueling, EasyJet, Ryanair and the transavia.

by ferry

Several vessels depart daily from Italy and Turkey to Greece (and vice versa). Igoumenitsa, Patras and Corfu are connected by modern ferries to Italian ports on the Adriatic Sea from famous destinations such as Venice and Bari.

The companies that make the crossing between Italy and Greece are the Minoan (departing from Ancona and Triste), the anek (Venice and Ancona), the blue star (Bari and Ancona) and the We agoud (Brindisi and Bari). On the other hand, whoever leaves from Turkey can use the services of Dodecanese Flying Dolphins and do the Bodrum x Ko stretch.

By train

Athens is connected with other important cities in the country such as Thessaloniki and Patras. It is also possible to make connections to other countries close to Greece such as Turkey, Bulgaria, Macedonia and Albania.

Best time to visit Athens

Photo: serkan seturk / Shutterstock

Summer, which takes place from June to September, records temperatures between 20°C and 35°C and is the high season, with crowded tourist spots and higher prices. If you are looking for a quieter trip, but do not give up enjoying the beaches in the region, plan to go in May, as the weather in late spring is already hot (between 16°C and 25°C), the empty places and the lowest values.

Winter in the region is not as cold as in the mountains of Greece, where there is snow, but the thermometers usually stay between 7°C and 18°C.

Where to stay in Athens

Photo: Sven Hansche / Shutterstock

Find accommodation in Athens here.

» Itinerary through Greece: Athens and Greek Islands in the same trip
» 7 reasons to visit Santorini
» Italy, Greece and Turkey: discover all three countries on the same trip
» Lake Melissani, the amazing lake inside a cave in Greece

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