Surprisingly, there are 220 ethnicities and Indian tribes in the country. Certainly, this is a very rich heritage that represents the origin of the first peoples of the Brazil, which it still is today, continue to preserve their culture and traditions.

In addition, the ten largest indigenous groups total 211 thousand people. Therefore, we selected thesethe 10 largest indigenous tribes with the largest population in our country. Look.

1. Guarani

First, the Guarani, who live on the Brazilian side, have three groups: Caiová, ñandeva and Mbya. In addition, according to data from the National Health Foundation (Funasa), the largest Brazilian indigenous concentration is formed by Guaranis.

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2. Ticuna

The Ticuna tribe is scattered along the Solimões river, both in Brazil, as well as in Peru and Colombia. Most communities live from hunting, fishing and some villages, surprisingly, already work with community-based tourism.


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3. Caningang

The Caingangue or “Kaingang” live in the states of São Paulo, Paraná, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul, distributed in approximately 30 indigenous lands.

4. Macuxi

The Macuxis inhabit a border region between Brazil and Guyana. In addition, they are a subgroup that live between the headwaters of the Branco and Rupununi rivers.


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5. Terena

The Terena Indians have a very large population that live in areas of Mato Grosso do Sul.

6. Guajajara

The Guajajara tribe inhabits more than ten indigenous lands in the Amazon, in the state of Maranhão. The language spoken by the tribe is Teneteara, from the Tupi-Guarani family.


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7. Yanomami

The Yanomami have a habit of crowding their members. Therefore, several families live together under the roof of large dwellings and usually marry with relatives.

8. Xavante

The Xavante Brazilian indigenous people occupy the eastern state of Mato Grosso and, of course, live off hunting and experience tourism.


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9. Pataxó

They gained national recognition in 1997, with the death of the Indian Galdino, who was set on fire by young upper-class people in Brasília while he was sleeping on a street in the federal capital. The main livelihood of the Pataxó is handicrafts, with pieces that mix wood, seeds, feathers, clay and vines.

10. Potiguara

Finally, the Potiguaras are of Tupi-Guarani origin and their name means “shrimp eaters”, because, in addition to earning a living from agricultural activities, hunting, fishing and plant extraction, they are great collectors of crustaceans and molluscs.


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Photos: Bolg More Studies.


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